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Submissions should be made electronically through this website.
Please ensure that you consider the following guidelines when preparing your manuscript. Failure to do so may delay the processing of your submission. A downloadable version of the style guide is available here.
All word limits include referencing and citation.
This style sheet is based on the The Generic Style Rules for Linguistics (version of December 2014), developed under a CC-BY licence by Martin Haspelmath (http://www.eva.mpg.de/linguistics/past-research-resources/resources/generic-style-rules.html). It was slightly adapted for Glossa by Waltraud Paul and Guido Vanden Wyngaerd in November 2015.
The title should not contain any capitalisation, apart from the first word and words that require capitals in all contexts. The title is followed by the first and last name of the author(s), their affiliation, and e-mail. First names should not include only initials. To ensure double-blind review, any information identifying the author(s) should be removed from the text as long as it is under review.
Articles are preceded by an abstract of 100–300 words and about five keywords. The Abstract and Keywords should also be added to the metadata when making the initial online submission. Articles are subdivided into numbered sections (and possibly subsections, numbered 1.1 etc., and subsubsections, numbered 1.1.1 etc.), with a bold-faced heading in each case. The numbering always begins with 1, not 0. Section headings do not end with a period, and have no special capitalization.
The conclusion is the last numbered section. It may be followed by several (optional) unnumbered sections: Abbreviations, Appendices, Acknowledgements, Competing Interests, in this order. Of these, only the Competing Interests statement is mandatory, and, if your paper contains glossed examples, the Abbreviations section. Consult the Glossa website for more information. The last part is the list of bibliographical references (References). For the style of references, see below.
Examples from languages other than English must be glossed (with word-by-word alignment) and translated (cf. the Leipzig Glossing Rules recommended as basic guidelines here: http://www.eva.mpg.de/lingua/resources/glossing-rules.php). Example numbers are enclosed in parentheses, and left-aligned. Example sentences usually have normal capitalization at the beginning and normal punctuation. The gloss line has no capitalization and no punctuation.
When the example is not a complete sentence, there is no capitalization and no full stop at the end. If the name of the language is added, the source of the example, or any extra information, this information must be added on an extra first line of the example (with the name of the language in italics).1
Ungrammatical examples can be given a parenthesized idiomatic translation. A literal translation may be given in parentheses after the idiomatic translation.
Formulae must be proofed carefully by the author. Editors will not edit formulae. If special software has been used to create formulae, the way it is laid out is the way they will appear in the publication.
Use footnotes rather than endnotes (we refer to these as ‘Notes’ in the online publication). These will appear at the bottom of each page. All notes should be used only where crucial clarifying information needs to be conveyed.
Avoid using notes for purposes of referencing, with in-text citations used instead. If in-text citations cannot be used, a source can be cited as part of a note. Please insert the footnote marker after the end punctuation.
The footnote reference number normally follows a period or a comma, though exceptionally it may follow an individual word. Footnote numbers start with 1. Examples in footnotes have the numbers (i), (ii), etc.
Tables and figures are numbered consecutively. They appear in the text as close as possible to the place where they are mentioned. Each table and each figure has a caption. The caption is placed under the figure or table, with only the figure or table number in bold, e.g. Table 1: Caption. Figure 1: Caption. The caption ends in a full stop.
If your figure file includes text then please present the font as Arial, or Fira Sans. These fonts support the International Phonetical Alphabet (IPA) symbols.
All figures must be uploaded separately as supplementary files during the submission process, if possible in colour and at a resolution of at least 300dpi. Each file should not be more than 20MB. Standard formats accepted are: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS. For line drawings, please provide the original vector file (e.g. .ai, or .eps).
Tree diagrams should be treated as examples, not as figures.
Tables must be created using a word processor's table function, not tabbed text. Tables should be included in the manuscript. The final layout will place the tables as close to their first citation as possible. For this reason, you must always refer to your table in the running text, as in the following example: “In certain languages, the superlative transparently contains the comparative morphologically, as illustrated in Table 1.”
Tables should not include:
If there are more columns than can fit on a single page, then the table will be placed horizontally on the page. If it still can't fit horizontally on a page, the table will be broken into two.
The short reference form used in the text consists of the author’s surname and the publication year, followed by page numbers where necessary. Brackets surround the year, except if the citation is already inside brackets, in which case there are no brackets around the year. If there are more than two authors, the first surname plus et al. can be used.
When multiple citations are listed, they are separated by semicolons and listed in chronological order.
Surnames with internal complexity have upper or lower case according to how the author spells his/her own name, e.g.:
Chinese and Korean names may be treated in a special way: As the surnames are often not very distinctive, the full name may be given in the in-text citation, e.g.
The names of authors and editors should be given in their full form as in the publication, without truncation of given names.
There are four standard reference types: journal article, book, article in edited book, thesis. Works that do not fit easily into these types should be assimilated to them to the extent that this is possible.
All author names are given in the order Firstname Lastname, except for the first author of a bibliography item whose name serves to place the item in the alphabetical order. In this case, the order is Lastname, Firstname.
When there are more than two authors (or editors), each pair of names is separated by a comma, except the last two, which are separated by an ampersand. No author name is omitted, i.e. et al. is not used in references.
Surnames with internal complexity are never treated in a special way. Thus, Dutch or German surnames that begin with van or von (e.g. van Riemsdijk) or French and Dutch surnames that begin with with de (e.g. de Groot) are alphabetized under the first part, even though they begin with a lower-case letter. Thus, the following names are sorted alphabetically as indicated.
Regular publications that are available online are not treated in a special way, as this applies to more and more publications anyway. When citing a web resource that is not a regular scientific publication, this should be treated like a book, to the extent that this is possible, e.g.
Titles of works written in a language that readers cannot be expected to know should be accompanied by a translation, given in brackets:
Sentences, proper names and titles/headings/captions start with a capital letter, but there is no special capitalization (“title case”) within English titles/headings neither in the article title nor in section headings or figure captions. Capitalization is also used after the colon in titles, i.e. for the beginning of subtitles.
Capitalization is used only for parts of the article (chapters, figures, tables, appendixes) when they are numbered, e.g.
Italics are used in the following cases:
c. Small caps
Small caps are used for the interlinear glosses in examples (e.g. fut, neg, sg, obl). They are also used for indicating stressed syllables or words in example sentences.
d. Boldface and other highlighting
Boldface can be used to draw the reader’s attention to particular aspects of a linguistic example, whether given within the text or as a numbered example. Full caps and underlining are not normally used for highlighting.
e. Quotation marks
Double quotation marks are used
Ellipsis in a quotation is indicated by [...].
Single quotation marks are used exclusively for linguistic meanings, e.g.
Quotes within quotes are not treated in a special way.
Note that quotations from other languages should be translated (inline if they are short, in a footnote if they are longer).
When a complex term that is not widely known is referred to frequently, it may be abbreviated (e.g. DOC for “double-object construction”). The abbreviation should be given in the text when it is first used. Abbreviations of uncommon expressions are not used in headings or captions, and they should be avoided at the beginning of a chapter or major section.
Abbreviations used in glossed examples should be listed in a separate section following the conclusions. For a list of standard abbreviations, refer to the Leipzig glossing rules.
Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, the studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian).
(i) Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.
More text can follow the example.
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
Authors publishing in Glossa face no financial charges for the publication of their article. Those authors who have access to funds earmarked for Article Processing Charges (via a research grant or through their institution) will be asked to use those funds to cover the £300 APCs of their publication in Glossa. Authors without access to such funds should indicate so during the initial submission process. The APCs for their articles will be paid by LingOA, a fund made possible by grants from the Association of Dutch Universities (VSNU) and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), with long-term funding provided by the Open Library of Humanities (OLH).
The APC covers all publication costs (editorial processes; web hosting; indexing; marketing; archiving; DOI registration etc) and ensures that all of the content is fully open access. This approach maximises the potential readership of publications and allows the journal to be run in a sustainable way.
If you do not know about your institution’s policy on open access funding, please contact your departmental/faculty administrators and institution library, as funds may be available to you.
Upon publication, you will receive an APC request email along with information on how payment can be arranged from Open Access Key (OAK). If you need to waive the APC, you will also have an opportunity to do it at this point.