Stereotype negation in Frame Semantics

Abstract

In this study, I enquire into word-formation semantics and the way context specifies the reading of derived words. In particular, I use the apparatus of Frame Semantics and offer a treatment of lexical stereotype negation that is expressed in English by the prefixes non- (e.g. nonanswer, noncolor) and un- (e.g. unpolitician, un-diva). In order to account for this phenomenon, I introduce a formal treatment of lexical rules in Frame Semantics, making use of the formalism of attribute-value matrices. I also use corpus-extracted data to enquire into the way context impacts on scope properties. I motivate an analysis under which the “absence” of a characteristic of the base lexeme is treated as a change in the value of an attribute of the base lexeme. The treatment of lexical stereotype negation can advance our understanding of modification in word-formation semantics and lead to a more balanced analysis and understanding of all major categories.

Keywords

frame semantics, lexical rules, lexical negation, affixation, contextual coercion

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Andreou, M., (2017) “Stereotype negation in Frame Semantics”, Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 2(1): 79. doi: https://doi.org/10.5334/gjgl.293

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Marios Andreou (Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf)

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